Many countries in the world recently ban the practice of Female Genital Mutilation but there is no law in India.
In 2018, 26 countries from Africa and the Middle East have banned the practice of Female genital mutilation but the girls in India are still fighting in court against FGM. There are several petitions which are pending in Supreme Court.
Female Genital Mutilation is a cutting or removal of Clitoris. Many women from Bohra community in India say that at the age of seven or eight, they were taken to Dai or a family barber who cuts the hood of the clitoris. FGM is also known as Khatna in Bohra community. All of this is background. Please put the news first.
“In Dawoodi Bohra community, almost every family follows this tradition. The process of cutting the clitoris is very painful. A girl cannot say no to her family. This only happens before puberty. It creates infection and bleeding also,” Said Salima (Name change), a victim of FGM, Bangalore.
There are 4 types of FGM, but girls from Bohra community say that mostly type 1 of FGM happens which consist of partial or total removal of the clitoris.
“Some time there are cases of vaginal infection in women because of removing of the clitoris. Not only physical harm, but many girls suffer from psychological damage also. It affects the natural functioning of a woman’s body. It leads to excessive bleeding, genital sores, and many sexual disorders,” said Prabha Murty, Gynecologist.
“In Mumbai or Delhi, many victims filed a petition in supreme court in 2017 for the banning FGM. Article 21 and Article 15 of the Constitution explain the guarantees protection of life and personal liberty and prohibits discrimination in the name of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth,” said Muzaffar Ahmed, Advocate, Bangalore.
“I filed a petition in 2017 to Supreme Court of India. FGM is a very sensitive topic and many people do not come to speak about this. Many Bohra community girls told me that they do not want to speak about it because if the head of the community gets to know he will stop giving money for my education. While doing my case I got to know that there is nothing mentioned about FGM as a part of their culture in Quran but the people from the community says that this is in their tradition, In this case, politics also plays a very big role. When I filled a petition the number of cases I got was 10-15 but now the number of cases has gone up,” says Sunita Tiwari, Advocate at Delhi High Court.
FGM is a form of violence against women and girls that affects their health and leaves them traumatized forever.